Invest in the right commercial vehicle tyres!

The purchase of commercial vehicle tyres is not an easy task. Many things need to be carefully weighed before entering the buying process. The size and type of tyres compatible with the vehicle and its detailed description must be taken into account. Tread suitable for the truck should be determined, as this can greatly affect the maximum mileage and overall performance of a vehicle.

Necessary background information

Before you go to a retail store or search online for new commercial vehicle tires, it would be beneficial to get a simple background knowledge of the type that is needed and/or desired. Here is some information that might prove helpful when buying these necessary vehicle goods.

  1. Know the exact reason for buying a new wheelset for the vehicle.
  2. Determine if an entire set is changed or if the decision is Drive vs. Steering.
  3. Determine the treads that are suitable for the truck. The thickness of the tread can be a good measure to decide whether to buy new ones. If the tread is smaller than a penny, it’s certainly time to buy a new set.
  4. Check the speed rating of the current models. This can be done by looking at the side wall. This speed rating is indicated by symbols such as M, N, P, Q, R, S, T, U, H, V, W and Y. Each symbol corresponds to a specific speed rating, which is essential for maintaining the vehicle’s speed capabilities.
  5. Do all purchases in pairs. They should be replaced on both sides to maintain the balance and stability of the vehicle.
  6. Buy the best quality you can afford. Good tires can save money in terms of fuel consumption. High-quality have good treads that can provide better traction for the vehicle. The treads help the wheels run smoothly and achieve better mileage on the road, which reduces fuel costs.
  7. Confirm the correct size before buying new ones. The right size increases the performance of a truck. This size can be determined by reviewing the owner’s manual, the poster on the driver’s door or the sidewall of the tyre. The Internet can also be used to confirm the size suitable for a particular type of vehicle.
  8. Determine the loading capacity of the truck. Knowing the loading capacity of the truck will check the thickness of the tires needed to maintain the maximum possible load.

Decoding of the letter code on the side wall

What you need to know about the important alphanumeric numbers is imprinted on the sidewall of your truck tires. Consider as an example: P250/70R20 110T M&S.

P – This point refers to the type of vehicle for which the tyres have been designed. This size usually starts with P, T and LT. The letter ‘P’ means that this type can be used for passenger cars; the letter ‘T’ means that it can only be used temporarily, e.g. when changing apartments; and “LT” indicates that it can be used for vehicles that can carry heavy cargo.

250 – This figure refers to the width of the tyre in millimetres; For example, the number 250 indicates that it is 250 millimeters from the outer side wall to the inner side wall.

70 – This figure refers to the aspect ratio. The aspect ratio is the ratio between the height and width of the tire. In the example above, the height is 70% of the width.

R – This point refers to the radial design of the carcase layers. A pneumatic wheel version consists of a carcass layer that provides support in extreme conditions. The carcass layer or main body of the tire is made of thin textile fiber cables connected to the rubber that determines its strength. This point may be replaced by D, B or F. Each letter means a different internal construction of the carcass layers.

20 – These figures refer to the wheel diameter. The number 20 indicates that the tire is designed to fit on a rim with a diameter of 20 inches. This number is expressed in “inch margin”, which are even numbers from 8 – 28. Heavy-duty trucks have half an inch rim diameter.

110 – These figures refer to the load index. The load index ranges from 0 – 279 and indicates how much weight the tire is allowed to carry at the right air pressure. In this example, “110” can carry a maximum load of 2,337 pounds.

T – This point refers to the speed assessment. The speed rating indicates the maximum speed at which a tire is certified for operation. The speed rating ranges from Q (lowest) to Z (highest), with the exception of light truck versions (H), which are not rated.

M&S – These letters refer to Mud & Snow. This suggests that the tire meets the ace of rubber manufacturers.ociation’s standard for a mud and snow type. Variations include: M+S, M/S, and M&S.

The tires that are placed on each commercial vehicle are the only connection between that vehicle and the road surface. Keep this thought in mind when you buy them, and don’t let cost be the primary purchase consideration. Investing in quality wheels is always a smart choice for safety reasons. It’s also a smart choice for financial reasons, as buying high-performance commercial vehicle wheels can actually lower fuel costs and save money. Educate yourself and invest wisely in commercial vehicle tires!

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wendy encarnacion

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